|The Warm, Green Place Called Iceland 內容由 常春藤解析英語雜誌社 提供
by Kevin Lustig
In the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, explorers from Norway discovered two islands. The larger one was covered in ice. _(1)_, while icy in the middle, was green and fertile on the coast. Oddly enough, the one with the ice became known as Greenland, while the greener one was called Iceland. _(2)_ its unfriendly name, this beautiful island of only 100,000 square kilometers has drawn explorers, tourists, and immigrants throughout its history.
Iceland was originally settled around 874 by Viking explorers. They founded Reykjavik, the city that is still the nation's capital. Scandinavian monarchies then _(3)_ Iceland until it became an independent country in 1944. Over the years, more settlers, mostly from Northern Europe and Ireland, have added to Iceland's _(4)_, which reached about 311,000 in 2007.
Iceland is one of the globe's most geologically active regions. As a result, Iceland is able to provide most of its own energy from geothermal power, _(5)_ hydropower from its waterfalls and rivers. With the addition of hydrogen technology, it is Iceland's goal to provide all of its own energy from domestic, renewable resources by 2050. If this goal is _(6)_, Iceland will become the world's first developed country that is able to do this.
From its unique power sources to its fertile grasslands, Iceland has made the most of its tiny landmass. Though _(7)_ from the nearest land by almost 300 kilometers of ocean, it has managed to thrive. With its new plan for energy independence already set in motion, Iceland should have a bright, prosperous future to match its past.
1. (A) The other (B) Another (C) The one (D) One another
2. (A) Regarding (B) Judging from (C) Despite (D) According to
3. (A) turned down (B) went after (C) took over (D) ran into
4. (A) pollution (B) population (C) prosperity (D) prescription
5. (A) but also (B) as well (C) except for (D) along with
6. (A) achieved (B) applied (C) affected (D) adopted
7. (A) isolates (B) isolating (C) isolated (D) to isolate
1. As a result, S + V 結果，……
2. manage to V 設法做……
西元 874 年左右，維京探險家最早定居冰島。他們建立了雷克亞維克，至今仍是冰島的首府。而後斯堪地那維亞王國接管該島，直到 1944 年始成為獨立國家。過去幾年來，愈來愈多人移居至此，大多來自北歐和愛爾蘭，大大增加了冰島的人口，2007 年時，總人口已近三十一萬一千人。
冰島是全球地質活動最活躍的區域之一。因此，該國能從地熱及瀑布、河流所產生的水力發電供應本身大部分的能源。現在更加入了氫能源科技，冰島可望在 2050 年，完成所有能源均能自給自足且永續使用的目標。如果能達成這個目標，冰島將是世界上第一個能做到的已開發國家。
標準答案: 1. (A) 2. (C) 3. (C) 4. (B) 5. (D) 6. (A) 7. (C)